Humanitarian tragedy in Efrîn for the last 3 years

  • actual
  • 13:04 19 January 2021
  • |

EFRÎN – 3 years ago with the approval of the global forces, when Turkey invaded in Efrîn, a humanitarian tragedy unfolded before the eyes of the whole world. While people were being kidnapped and murdered for ransom, women were being raped. All the wealth of the city was plundered while the demography of the city was forced to change.

3 years have passed since the attacks of Turkey against North and East Syria that was launched in January 20, 2018. The city holding a population of more than 500 thousand people is one of the places where the Rojava Revolution began.
The attacks that started with the bombardment of the USA and Russia with fighter jets and Armed Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (SİHA) towards the city continued with heavy weapons such as tanks and artillery. Subsequently, Turkish Armed Forces (TSK) troops entered the region from the ground behind the Free Syrian Army (FSA), which included radical predecessor groups on the front line.
Following intense clashes with the YGP/YPJ and Syrian Democratic Forces (QSD) that continued for 58 days, Turkey and the groups backed by Turkey took control of the city center of Efrîn, 7 districts and 365 villages. 
Efrîn of North and East Syria Autonomous Administration was the first city to be invaded by Turkey. Then Serêkaniyê and Girê Spî was invaded. The Salafi and paramilitary forces backed by Turkey got stuck in Idlib, found themselves back in play with the invasion of Efrîn.
Efrîn that turned into the most safe and stable city of the country with its autonomous system that was established during the 10 year long Syrian civil war was presented as a model in terms of restructuring of Syria. However, seeing this as a threat to itself, Turkey took to the field accompanied by the organizations and paramilitary structures along with the Turkish Armed Forces (TSK). This move of Turkey changed the nature of the war in Syria.
Along with 10 thousand troops of the TSK took part in the invasion of Efrîn with nearly 50 groups such as Sultan Murat Brigade, Süleyman Shah Brigade, Fatih Sultan Mehmet Brigade, Hamza Division, Feylek El Şam, Cebhet Şamîye, Samarkand Brigade, Sead Bin Ebu Weqqas Brigade, Ehrar El Şerqiye, Suqur Şimal, El Nixbe and Ehrar El Sham.
These groups shared the neighborhoods of invaded Efrîn among themselves. 
According to the information shared in the invasion attacks against the city, 613 people lost their lives. While 498 people died in the direct bombardment, 82 people were tortured to death after being captured. 730 people were injured in the attacks, including 303 children and 213 women.
Over 7 thousand people have been abducted in Afrin in the last 3 years. The fate of more than half of these people who were kidnapped to receive ransom from their families is unknown. So much so that abducting people for ransom has turned into a business. More than a thousand of these abducted people are women. The fate of hundreds of women, 75 of whom were murdered and 69 of whom were raped, is unknown. These figures are updated almost every day.
The torture, kidnapping, theft, looting and killing, femicide and attempts at ethnic cleansing have reflected to the reports of international organizations such as the United Nations (UN), the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights (SOHR) and the UK-based Ceaserife Civil Rights Center.
Today  we can say that the demographic structure in Efrin is sought to be changed by erasing all traces of Kurds from the city. More than 300 thousand people living in Efrin were displaced after it was invaded by Turkey and groups backed by Turkey. More than 400 thousand people brought from Idlib, Hama, Homs, Guta, Latakia and Aleppo were settled in their homes and lands. Among them are 500 Palestinian families brought from Damascus. These Palestinians are known as the families who were forced into migration from the region after the establishment of the state of Israel in 1948.
It is stated that the rate of Kurds, who are still in Efrin today is around 23 percent. Particularly, FSA members and their families are settled in settlements such as Shara and Bilbilê, and other Kurdish families are also wanted to be abducted. 
Turkish has been made the mandatory education language in all schools. The names of the cities, neighborhoods and streets are changed into Turkish. So much so that the Azadi Square is now Atatürk Square, Newroz  Junction is Selahaddin Juntion, Blacksmith Kawa Square is Olive Branch Square now.
You can see posters of AKP's President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan in all settlements.
Historical places in Efrin were also targeted. Temples were bombed and plundered. 20 million olive trees were siezed by Turkey and groups backed by Turkey to be used in their own interest. The olives transferred to Turkey were sold to Spain, USA and Germany.
Along with these, there are reports that 314 thousand 400 olive trees have been cut down and 11 thousand hectares of agricultural land have been burned so far.
MA / Nazım Daştan

View More Articles

18:18 Prisoner alleged to have attempted to commit suicide dies in Van
17:24 Özgür Gündem hearing postponed to June 22
17:23 Journalist Hakkı Boltan acquitted at first hearing
14:00 Reaction to New York Times news on Afrin: Carlotta Gall does not reflect the truth
14:00 Mother of Rohat Aktaş: End this cruelty now
13:00 Rûdaw reporters detained
12:59 Çukurca turned into an 'open prison'
09:53 Hunger strike action in prisons leaves behind 3 months
15:02 Akbaşlı who was to be released today, allegedly attempted suicide
11:17 Attorneys of Öcalan submits new application to visit İmralı
11:16 Berwarî: Garé operation was carried out to prevent PKK from being delisted from 'terror organizations' list
11:15 Hunger strike in prisons enters day 89
11:15 Components of BMG: The demands of the Kurds are supressed with isolation
17:18 Students campaing against trustees
17:17 Taşdemir responds to Soylu: Where are the surviellence videos?
14:47 PEN Turkey grants Duygu Asena Women's Rights Award to Prof. Ayşe Buğra
12:19 Two more students detained after Boğaziçi Protests
10:36 Videos of the cave in Garé released
10:29 Hunger strike action in prisons enters day 88
09:16 Peace Mothers calls for solidarity with hunger strikers
11:50 Prisoner on hunger strike for the fifth time: It will continue until our demands are met
11:48 Hunger strike action in prisons enters day 86
11:47 Students: Boğaziçi resistance is just a beginning
16:40 Kobané summaries against 9 HDP MPs
16:35 Prison sentence of Gergerlioğlu upheld by court
14:22 Pekin blurts out MİT's involvement in Paris Massacre
11:35 Hunger strike action in prisons enters day 85
11:33 US Colonel Myles Caggins: Operations in Kurdistan distract from war with ISIS
16:02 328 NGOs demand autonomous university
13:42 The result of the AKP's judicial reforms: Gendercide
12:36 Attorneys of Öcalan submits new application for a visit
12:32 Hunger strike action in prison enters day 84
12:31 Artists call for support for hunger strikes: Breaking the isolation is a must
09:57 Google reject ad in Kurdish
09:56 Author Zibechi: Öcalan's thoughts are ahead of the time
13:00 Hunger strike action in prisons enters day 83
12:51 CFWIJ calls for release of journalists in Van
12:00 Erdoğan read Binali Yıldırım's speech from 4 years ago
11:58 Vehicle license plate of HDP member kidnapped, turns out to be fake
17:02 Hearing date set for the journalists
17:01 Application to visit Öcalan rejected
17:01 Hearing date set for the journalists
13:16 Gergerlioğlu: I am receiving threats
12:44 Cells raided by guards in Düzce Prison
11:16 'Copy-pasted' indictment against journalists after 130 days
09:24 Hunger strike action in prisons enters day 82
09:21 Ministry of Interior: 718 people detained in 40 provinces
09:18 HDP Kars Provincial Co-chair Subaşı arrested
13:24 SDF: Turkey's operations pave the way for ISIS to gather its strength
12:03 Hunger strike action in prisons enters day 79